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The planting environment of sesame kernel in China

- May 01, 2018 -

     Sesame seed is an annual herbaceous plant of the family flax family. Originated in India, now India, China, Burma and Sultan are major producers. China has been planted in Liaoning, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Anhui, Hubei and Jiangxi. Sesame fruit is a capsule that ripening along the seam when mature, and the seeds fall off. A capsule can be 50-100, even more. The length and color of capsule vary from green to dark purple depending on environmental conditions and genetic genes.  The seeds are flat, round or oval, with smooth testa, from white to gray, amber, yellow brown, purple or black. 1000 grain weight is about 3 grams, slightly different between varieties, oil content 45%-63%, contains protein 19%-31%. The sesame oil produced in China is high in white or yellow oil content. The oil content of Yellow Sesame is about 56%, about 52% of white sesame, and 51% of black sesame. Sesame contains special substances, sesamin, which can be decomposed by heating to produce antioxidant substances such as sesamol. Sesame oil is mostly prepared by pre pressing one leaching method and water generation method. Sesame is also an important raw material for making food. Sesame cake can be used as feed and protein.


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